PAA Africa was inspired by the Brazilian experience with its Food Purchase Programme: PAA (Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos). Created by Law in 2003 under the Zero Hunger Programme, PAA in Brazil has two basic purposes: promote access to food and support family farming.
To achieve these two goals, this National Programme purchases a wide variety of food produced by family farmers without a bidding process. The food is then distributed to people in food and nutrition insecurity as well as to those served by social assistance networks, public facilities for food and nutrition security, and public and philanthropic education institutions.
The PAA also contributes to the formation of public stocks of food produced by family farmers and of stocks managed by family farmers´ organizations. In addition, the programme enhances food supply through government procurement, strengthens local and regional supply chains, promotes organic and agroecological production of food; encourages healthy eating habits and supports farmers´ organizational capacity.
The budget of PAA consists of funds from the Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger – MDS and the Ministry of Agrarian Development – MDA.
The Programme is implemented through five modalities: Purchase with Simultaneous Donation, Direct Purchase, Stock Formation by Family Farming, Incentive to Milk Production and Consumption, and Institutional Procurement.
PAA is implemented by the Federal District, states and municipalities. It is also executed by the National Supply Company – CONAB. CONAB is a public enterprise of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply – MAPA; it is responsible for managing the Brazilian agricultural supply policies.
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Broad participation from civil society is a key element of the Brazilian experience with the Food Purchase Programme (PAA). According to Article 24 of the 2011 Law N.12.512, the instance responsible for social participation within the Programme is the National Council for Food and Nutrition Security (Consea). Established in 2003, the national Consea was originally created in 1993, deactivated in 1995 e re-established in 2003. One of its functions is to organize the multi-stakeholder approach, which is carried out through the participation of civil society organizations in the formulation of public policies. The Council also has the role of articulating action between the government and civil society in the field of food and nutrition security. Of a consultative nature, it is formed by civil society representatives and members of the federal government, offering advice in the formulation of policies and in the definition of guidelines in order to help the country continue to ensure the human right to adequate food. Consea considers that the organization of society is an essential condition social breakthroughs and for the definitive overcoming of inequality and exclusion, and that the success of food and nutrition security related policies depends on its engagement, thus it stimulates society’s participation in the formulation, execution and follow-up of such policies.